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                           BIORESOURCE AND WASTE MANAGEMENT 

 
 
 
 
 
                                                              
 
 
 
 
ABOUT-
 
 
      Bioresource Technology is  the peer-reviewed research journal published biweekly by Elsevier, cover to the field of bioresource technology. That journal was established in 1979 as Agricultural or crop Wastes and again renamed to Biological Wastes in 1987, before achivment its current title in 1991. It covers all areas concerning biomass, biotransformations, biological waste treatment, bioenergy and bioresource systems analysis, and technologies associated with conversion or creration.
 
 
Other side waste management is the collection, transport, processing, managing and monitoring or disposal of waste materials. waste management  usually relates to materials produced by human, and the process is generally undertaken to overcome their effect on living health, and the environment. that is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. All types of waste materials, witch  they are solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive fall within the remit of waste management. management practices can differ for developed and developing countries, for both urban and rural areas, and for residential and industrial createors. Management of non-hazardous waste residential and institutional waste in city areas is usually the responsibility of local government authorities, while management for non-hazardous industrial and commercial waste is usually the responsibility of the crerator subject to national or international authorities.
 
 
Bioresource Technology Dfination- in Biological resources included biologically-derived waste, and there are many other renewable bioresource examples. One of the terms used to denote renewable bioresources is the lignocellulose.these tissues are biologically-derived natural resources have some of the main constituents of the natural world. Holocellulose is the carbohydrate fraction of lignocellulose that includes cellulose, that is the most abundant biopolymer, as well as hemicellulose. Lignin is the second most abundant biopolymer. both Cellulose and lignin are  used by plants to store energy as well as to give its strength, as is the case in woody plant tissues. Other energy storage chemicals in plants include oils, waxes, fats, and  others, and because these other plant compounds have distinct properties, they offer potential for a host of different bioproducts.Bioproducts derived from bioresources can replace much of the fuels, chemicals, plastics etc. that are today derived from petroleum. Bioresources are natural sources like organic left-overs, naturally formed or formable raw materials also include human being.
 
 
 
Waste Management Defination-The collection, transportation, and disposal of garbage, sewage, and other waste known as waste management. that is encompasses management of all processes or resources for proper handling of waste materials, from maintenance of waste transport trucks and dumping facilities to compliance with health codes and environmental regulations. or the processes involved in dealing with the waste of humans and organisms, including handling, processing, storage, recycling, transport, and final disposal.
 
 
 
 
BOOKS AND JOURNAL-
 
 
      Topics covered include waste treatment technologies, technology implementation, waste treatment Solid/hazardous/biosolids/residuals waste, treatment/minimisation/disposal/management Environmental quality standards, legislation, regulations, policy Pollution prevention, clean technologies, conservation/recycling/reuse Public/environmental health, future technology management strategies Participatory decision making, integration of policies/research in the waste sector Case studies and environmental impact analysis in the waste sector Air, water, soil, groundwater, radiological pollution, control/management Environmental pollution, prevention/control, waste treatment/management Water and  unicipal/agricultural/industrial wastewater and environmental toxicology, risk assessment Sources/transport/fate of pollutants in the environment; remediation, restoration Mathematical/modelling techniques, case studies Aquatic sciences, water/sol chemistry, environmental biology, microbiology Environmental education and training etc.
 
 
 
 
These are some important books to study to this major field of science:-
 
 
Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial by John Pichtel (Mar 29, 2005).
 
 
Waste: A Handbook for Management by Trevor Letcher and Daniel Vallero (Feb 22, 2011)
 
 
Handbook of Solid Waste Management by Frank Kreith and George Tchobanoglous (Jun 22, 2002)
 
 
Hazardous Waste Management by Michael D. LaGrega, Phillip L. Buckingham and Jeffrey C. Evans (Jul 1, 2010)
 
 
Waste Management: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues) by Jacqueline Vaughn (Nov 13, 2008)
 
 
Basic Environmental Technology: Water Supply, Waste Management & Pollution Control (5th Edition) by Jerry A. Nathanson
 
P.E. (Apr 7, 2007)
 
 
Basics of Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Technology by Kanti L. Shah (Nov 20, 1999)
 
 
Waste Management: An American Corporate Success Story by Timothy C. Jacobson (Jan 1, 1993)
 
 
 
 
 
WASTE MANAGEMENT METHODS-
 
 
      It is important how you carry out waste disposal. In today’s world where population is on the rise and so is rapid industrialization, creation of waste material is a common phenomenon. These wastes are harmful to the environment and how you dispose them off depends on how they affect the environment. Proper disposal of waste material helps keep the environment free from disease causing pathogens and keeps it green. Given below are four methods of proper waste management that will help you keep your environment clean -
 
Four Methods of Proper Waste Management, Guest Post from Brenda Lyttle
 
 
1. Recycling-
 
That is the one of the most good know process of managing waste material . It is low costly and can be easily done by you. If you carry out recycling, you will save a lot of energy, resources and thereby overcome or  reduce pollution. You can also save money if you recycle. You can recycle papers, glass, aluminum and plastics and many more . If you want to reduce the volume of your waste material, the best way to do so would be to recycle. If you recycle, you can isolated batteries, tires and asphalt from your waste material and this prevents them from ending up in the landfills and incinerator process . The municipality of almost all cities or urban encourages their citizens to take up recycling process . Be a responsible citizen and reduce your waste by recycling process.
 
 
2. Burning  To The Waste Material-
 
if there are no proper places or point  for setting up landfills sites, you can burnor dispose the waste matter produced in your household. Controlled burning of waste at very high temperatures to produce steam and ash is a perfect waste disposal technique. Combustion reduces or overcome to  the volume of waste to be disposed significantly. solid waste can available for a continuously available and alternative source for producing energy through combustion process. This energy can be channeled into many useful purposes.These are some of the methods or process of waste management that you can carry out in the individual level. These are also safe and inexpensive in use for disposal.
 
 
 
                            
 
 
 
3. Landfills-
 
Waste management or disposal  through the use of landfills sites involves the use of a large field area . This place is dug open and filled with the solid or liquid waste. The area is then covered up with layer of soil. Landfills are not safe because they provided  off gases like methane, which are highly hazardous for us . You should not carry out waste management process  through landfills if you cannot ensure proper safety means. The landfill should be properly lined and the waste should not come in contact with the adjoining areas that understand you.
 
 
4. Composting-
 
This is a good natural process to dispose to waste that is completely free of any hazardous by-products futher process . This process involves breaking down the materials into organic compounds that can be used as manure for fields . You can carry out composting in your own backyard. You can use the leaves, grass, twigs and add vegetable and fruit peels and skins nad other agriculture or degrdablke wastes . You can use dustbin hire system to get the bins for composting process. After a few days, you will see that the matter has decomposed. You can use this compost  for personal purpose , which is rich in nutrients, to improve the soil in your garden field.
 
 
 
 
 
FUTURE PROSPECTS-
 
 
The future of waste management on an overcrowded planet Even the good waste management system in the world has view that it cannot withstand the test of a global financial downturn; and with the global population, therefore the amount of waste – increasing globally we must become aware of the consequences and do something about it.
 
Even though pneumatic waste collection systems have been around for decades, they are experiencing an upsurge in popularity, as cities or urban  are becoming increasingly aware of the limitations related to conventional methods of waste collection process. The trend to incorporate automated waste collection systems into new housing creating projects is rising, particularly in world, (in Asia where South Korea, Taiwan and Hong Kong ) are leading the way in implementing this type of many technology.
 
 
The aim of this is to outline the major trends and challenges that will shape the future of waste management process for the next few decades. Although in our complex and unpredictable world ‘prediction is very difficult, especially about the our future’ , there are fixed trends and facts that more or less produced the ‘bigger picture’ in which the waste management industry will evolve. Interestingly, discussion of these trends has not up till now directly linked them with waste management strtegy – at least not according to the experts  knowledge.
 
having these trends together and considering the consequences they will have for waste management process , it is clear that new challenges are emerging, and the today situation must be seen in a many differ way. Our waste management systems and our market conditions and achivments , even at their best, are incapable of handling the developing amounts of waste world wide. So unless a new paradigm of global cooperation and governance is adopted, a tsunami of uncontrolled dumpsites will be the prevailing waste management process,  especially in Asia.
 
 
we Looking for answers
 
it is clear that although there is a fixed future for further global expansion for WTE and MBT facilities, the expected growth of waste size will certainly produce thousands or even millions of new dumpsites mostly because:
 
  • The development of extra advanced infrastructure is, and will be, costly for many of years for most of the countries that need it the mostly.

 

  • The todays waste management systems process are not capable of jumping from open dumps to the high-tech systems.

 

  • The required infrastructure, even when the financial resources are available, is delivered much slower than the rapid development of waste creation.
 

 

 

 

 

 

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